Allergy Medication Cetirizine vs Blexten: Treating Urticaria

Urticaria can be described as itchy, red raised bumps (welts) that occur due to skin reaction. Urticaria is also known as hives. The bumps differ in size and appear and repeatedly disappear as the reaction runs its course. In the majority of the cases, they are caused by an allergic reaction to food, medications, or an irritant in the environment. At times, hives may appear without any cause. 

Urticaria can be uncomfortable, and they may disturb your daily activities or sleep. 

 If you, your family member or your friend has urticaria, keep reading this article to know more about the disease and its treatment options.

Causes of urticaria

Urticaria is a common reaction that occurs due to allergens. When an allergen (a substance that causes an allergic reaction) comes in contact with your body, it causes the release of histamine and other natural chemicals in the body. These chemicals cause swelling, itching, red bumps, and other symptoms. 

Many substances can cause urticaria, and at times the cause of urticaria is unknown; however, possible causes include:

  • Medicines 
  • Insect bites 
  • Eggs 
  • Excessive sweating 
  • Extreme weather conditions 
  • Emotional stress 
  • Exposure to water 
  • Exercise 
  • Milk 
  • Pollen 
  • Other food items 
  • Autoimmune disorders 
  • Leukaemia 
  • Wearing tight clothes 
  • Animal dander 
  • Shellfish 
  • Fish

Urticaria Symptoms

The symptoms of the disease include: 

  • A tendency for signs and symptoms that flare with triggers such as heat, exercise, and stress
  • A tendency for signs and symptoms that persist for more than six weeks and reoccur frequently and suddenly
  • Itching 
  • Batches of red or skin-coloured welts that appear on the skin, which appear and disappear repeatedly
  • Swelling of the lips, eyelids, or throat 

Types of Urticaria

There are various types of urticaria, which are described as follows: 

Temperature-induced hivesMany times, temperature changes can also cause urticaria in people, especially people who are sensitive to such changes. Both hot and cold weather can induce urticaria. 

Allergic reactions

It is the most common type of urticaria that is caused by an allergen. 

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Anaphylaxis

 It is a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction. The allergic reaction often causes difficulty in breathing, vomiting, nausea, severe swelling, and dizziness. 

Chronic hives

The hives that do not have an identifiable cause and are ongoing are called chronic hives or chronic urticaria. They can be a symptom of an underlying health condition too. 

Dermatographism

 This is an acute form of urticaria caused by excessive continuous pressure on the skin or scratching. This type of urticaria typically clears up on its own

Infection-induced hives

Viral and bacterial both can cause this type of urticaria. 

How to treat Urticaria with medication?

The best treatment option for treating urticaria depends upon the cause of urticaria. Depending upon acute or chronic urticaria, the treatment differs. 

For acute urticaria, non-sedatives, antihistaminics, topical steroids, antiseptic creams and soothing creams can be used. 

For chronic urticaria, regular antihistaminics or Omalizumab may be prescribed for the treatment. 

Various home remedies options can also be used to reduce the hives symptoms. 

Blexten and cetirizine can treat urticaria.  

Blexten and cetirizine belong to an antihistaminic class of medication. This class of drugs works by blocking the action of the natural chemical histamine. Histamine is responsible for the symptoms of urticaria. 

Both the drugs do not cure urticaria. However, they provide relief from its symptoms. 

Blexten and cetirizine Blexten provides relief from allergy symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, red eyes, watery eyes, itchy nose, or throat. 

Blexten vs Cetirizine Blexten

Similarities

Class of medications

 Blexten and cetirizine belong to the antihistaminics class. They both do not cure urticaria but provide relief from its symptoms. 

Blexten and Cetirizine Dosage

 Blexten and Cetirizine are both available in tablet form. Both the medications are prescribed once daily. 

Blexten and Cetirizine allergies and interactions

 Please inform your doctor or pharmacist about being allergic (blexten or cetirizine) or any of its ingredients. If you have any other allergies, do not forget to share the same with the health care professional. 

Inform your health worker about other prescription, non-prescription medications, and nutritional supplements that you are taking. Also, inform about vitamins and herbal supplements you are taking or planning to take.

Blexten interaction with alcohol is not known. You should consult your physician before you consume alcoholic beverages. You should not consume alcoholic beverages while taking cetirizine, as alcohol can make you feel drowsier while taking the medication. 

Pregnancy and breastfeeding while on Blexten and Cetirizine

 You should inform your physician if you are pregnant, planning to get pregnant, or breastfeeding. If you become pregnant while on treatment with blexten, inform your doctor immediately as there is no information available regarding the use of blexten during pregnancy. 

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You should inform your physician if you are pregnant, planning to get pregnant, or breastfeeding. If you become pregnant while on treatment with cetirizine, inform your doctor immediately. 

Blexten and Cetirizine Differences

Dose: Blexten is available as a tablet. It is usually prescribed once a day to be taken on an empty stomach, or you can take the medications 2 hours post-meal. 

Blexten is prescribed to adults and children above 12 years of age. The recommended dose for adults and children above 12 years is 20 mg.

Cetirizine is available as an extended-release tablet, a chewable tablet, and a syrup. It is usually prescribed once a day that can be taken with or without food.

Cetirizine is prescribed to adults or children above six years. The recommended dose for adults and children above six years is 5 mg or 10 mg, depending on the severity of the condition

Blexten and Cetirizine Side effects

 Cetirizine may make you feel drowsy. You should not drive or operate machinery until you know how this medication affects you. 

However, blexten may not make you feel drowsy as it belongs to the 2nd generation class of antihistaminics. 

Side effects of blexten 

Like all medications, blexten also has some side effects. It is possible that you may not experience any or some of the side effects. You should inform your physician if the below mentioned side effects are severe or do not away: 

  • Diarrhoea 
  • Nausea
  • Nasal irritation
  • Eye irritation
  • Fatigue
  • Headache 
  • Stomach pain 

Some of the side effects can be serious. You should inform your physician immediately if you experience it: 

  • Fainting
  • Dry skin 
  • Eczema 
  • Signs of heart problems (fast, irregular heartbeat)
  • Chest pain 
  • Sudden weight gain 
  • Leg swelling 
  • Difficulty in breathing 

Side effects of cetirizine 

Like all medications, cetirizine also has some side effects. It is possible that you may not experience any or some of the side effects. You should inform your physician if the below mentioned side effects are severe or do not away: 

  • Diarrhoea 
  • Drowsiness 
  • Dry mouth 
  • Vomiting 
  • Excessive tiredness 
  • Stomach pain 

Some of the side effects can be serious. You should inform your physician immediately if you experience it: 

  • Difficulty in breathing 
  • Difficulty in swallowing 

The above-mentioned side effects for both drugs are not comprehensive. You may experience some other side effects. Please inform your healthcare professional immediately if they are severe or unusual. 

Which one is right for you? Blexten 20mg or 10mg Cetirizine

According to the research conducted, blexten was more effective than cetirizine for early response. The volunteers in the study received 20 mg of blexten and 10 mg of cetirizine. 

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However, your doctor may choose the proper medication for you depending on various factors such as age, other diseases, medication history, and severity of the disease. 

Prescription, use, and dosage Cetirizine and Blexten

What is Blexten

Blexten is available as a tablet. It is usually prescribed once a day to be taken on an empty stomach, or you can take the medications 2 hours post-meal. When medication is taken with food, it reduces the drug’s effectiveness. Avoid consuming fruit juice 1 hour before taking medication and 2 hours after the medication is taken. 

How to take Blexten

You should follow the instructions on the prescription label. You can ask your health worker in case of any queries. Take blexten as directed by your pharmacist or physician. Do not take more or less than prescribed. If you miss a dose, take medicine as soon as you remember it. However, skip the missed dose and follow your regular dosing schedule if it is time for a second dose. You should not take a double dose to make up for the missed dose. 

Blexten for adults and children dosage

The recommended dose for adults and children above 12 years of age is one tablet to be taken orally once daily. Each tablet contains 20 mg of bilastine. 

What is Cetirizine

Cetirizine is available as an extended-release tablet, a chewable tablet, and a syrup. It is usually prescribed once a day that can be taken with or without food. To help you remember, you should try and take medicine around the same time every day. 

How to use Cetirizine

You should follow the instructions on the prescription label. You can ask your health worker in case of any queries. Take cetirizine as directed by your pharmacist or physician. Do not take more or less than prescribed. 

What to do if you miss a dose of Cetirizine

If you miss a dose, take medicine as soon as you remember it. However, skip the missed dose and follow your regular dosing schedule if it is time for a second dose. You should not take a double dose to make up for the missed dose. 

Cetirizine adult and children dosage

Adults and children above six years of age can take cetirizine. The normal dose for adults or children above six years is 10 mg per day. You should not take more than 10 mg per day. If your allergies are mild, you may be prescribed a 5 mg dose twice daily.


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