Is the Birth Control Patch (Evra) Safe?
When it comes to birth control methods, it’s fundamental to understand that safety has always been a topic of concern. From pills to surgery, all contraceptive methods have side effects. Similarly, contraceptive patches, despite being one of the safest contraceptive methods, do have their own set of risks and side effects.
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Contraceptive patches contain estrogen and progestin, two hormones that are naturally present in the human body. Since these patches do not introduce any external substances into the human body, they are safe and can be used under most circumstances.
What are the Risks of Using Contraceptive Patch (Evra)?
Although these patches are generally safe to use, they produce synthetic birth control hormones which can have some uncommon but severe side effects, including:
- Heart attack
- Blood clotting
- Liver disorders
If you are using this mode of birth control for the first time, you may experience some typical side effects mentioned below:
- Skin irritation
- Breast tenderness
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea
Apart from these side effects, you may experience sudden & severe chest pain, blindness, abdominal pain, two or more missed periods, and fatigue. These conditions, although rare, can be severe, even life-threatening. Therefore, if you experience early signs of these conditions, visit a doctor immediately.
Who should Avoid Using Contraceptive Patch (Evra)?
You should avoid using contraceptive patches if you have one or more of these health disorders or conditions.
- Liver disease
- Excessive vaginal bleeding, usually unexplained
- Cancer of any type (or history of cancer)
- Heart or pulmonary disorders like stroke, heart attack, hypertension, etc.
- Hyperlipidemia and blood-clotting disorders
- Allergy to progesterone, estrogen, or other birth-control hormones or supplements
When to Seek Medical Help?
Apart from the disorders mentioned above, some conditions are proven to be dangerous for patch use and can potentially pose some threats. Therefore, if you have any of these concerns, seek medical attention before using birth control patches.
- Skin problems like eczema or psoriasis
- Diseases related to the kidney, liver, or heart
- Have an irregular menstrual cycle
- In the cases of pregnancy, breastfeeding, or recent miscarriage
What is the Safest Contraceptive Method?
Contraceptive methods vary widely, ranging from natural methods like abstinence to surgical methods like vasectomy and tubectomy. Different methods of birth control offer various benefits and side effects, and choosing the best option depends entirely upon your requirements/circumstances.
As the graph suggests, safety is one of the most significant concerns for people using contraceptives.
When it comes to the safest birth control methods, barrier contraceptives are the most reliable as they prevent both STDs and pregnancy. If you want a prolonged contraceptive method, IUCDs can be an excellent choice for you. If you do not plan on ever getting pregnant, surgery is a permanent solution.
The best Alternative to Patches
If you want to produce a similar effect, you can use contraceptive pills. Birth control pills produce estrogen and progesterone in the bloodstream and have the same mode of action as contraceptive patches. However, be sure to keep in mind that none of the contraceptive methods, except barrier contraceptives, prevent STDs.
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