Hypertension is a prevalent condition, and its incidence is on the rise due to the changing diet and lifestyle. Besides, the daily bustle and stress act as a trigger or a risk factor in the development of this disease.

So, it may be possible that you have a relative, friend, or colleague suffering from high blood pressure. If you want to take care of your loved one with hypertension, the best way to do this is to make sure that they consume a healthy diet, take their medicines daily, manage their stress, and make other lifestyle changes.

How can you helm them in doing these things? Here are some tips from experts that can help you take care of someone with hypertension.

Coping with Diagnosis

Hypertension is a long-standing condition and does not cause any symptoms. So, a person suffering from it may be in denial and feel that they do not have any problem. 

However, it requires medicines and lifestyle changes to manage it. If left unattended, it can cause complications such as stroke, kidney disorders, and heart attack.

You have to try and make the person understand the importance of these things. It may be frustrating when the person denies their problem, but try and be patient with them.

Supporting Through Treatment

In most cases, a person suffering from hypertension can take care of themselves. But sometimes, your loved one may not understand the importance of taking medicine, especially when they have no symptoms. They may feel there is no need to take drugs regularly.

In such cases, they should be made aware of the importance of taking medicines consistently and the harms of skipping them. A cut out of an article stating the importance of medication can also help you to make them understand. 

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You can also offer them help by giving them a reminder for their medicines. Also, make sure that they understand which medicines they have to take and when to take them.

It is also recommended to mark their appointment in their as well as your calendar. This will help you to remind them when they have to see their doctor.

Attention to Medication Use and Continuation

As discussed before, taking medicines at the right time is essential for dealing with hypertension. Many tend to forget them, especially the elderly, due to dementia. If you are worried about their well being, make sure they take their medicines on time.

Besides, there are many different types of hypertension medicines, such as beta-blockers and renin inhibitors. They may cause various side effects such as dizziness that may keep the patients to stay away from them. 

So, it is important to pay attention to their medication use and continuation. You can take the help of a medicine organizer for the same.

Positive Approach to Lifestyle Changes

A healthy lifestyle is as essential as taking medicines for managing hypertension. Here are some important tips that can help your loved ones manage their condition:

Healthy Diet

They should have a diet rich in fiber, including vegetables and fruits. It should also include foods rich in magnesium, potassium, and calcium. A heart-healthy diet that is devoid of trans and saturated fats also helps manage hypertension and prevent cardiovascular complications.

Their sodium intake should be strictly monitored. You can ask their doctor or dietitian about the amount of sodium that is healthy for them. Supplements to manage blood pressure can also help them.

If everyone at home follows the same diet, it will be easier for your loved ones to adopt it. You can also learn to read labels to pick up healthy food options while buying them from supermarkets. Whenever possible, pick fresh foods and food products.

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You can learn more about a healthy diet to manage blood pressure here.

Stress Management Techniques

Stress is a daily companion for many of us. Make sure that your loved one is able to manage their stress. Techniques such as yoga and meditation can help them.

You can visit them daily or a video call to know if they are following the same. This will encourage a sense of responsibility in them, helping them to follow their routine. Help them to remain patient and deal with things without stressing about them.

Going for walks or doing exercises with them will help them positively and contribute to the treatment.

Maintaining Healthy Weight

Obesity is a risk factor for hypertension as well as complications associated with it. So, it is essential that you keep a regular check on their weight and note down variations if any. Know their healthy weight and push them towards achieving it.

Losing weight can work wonders while managing blood pressure. For obese patients, losing one kilogram may help to lower blood pressure by 1 mm of Hg.

So, try they achieve their weight loss goal.

Limiting Alcohol and Smoking

If a hypertensive patient is addicted to alcohol or smoking, it is vital to help them get over it. Alcohol should be consumed in moderation. This means no more than one drink for women and no more than two drinks a day for men.

However, it is not recommended to stop or reduce the amount of alcohol or smoking drastically. Gradually tapering down the amount is the best way to go about it.

Monitoring Blood Pressure

For anyone with hypertension, it is essential to monitor their blood pressure to avoid sudden spikes. This can be done with the help of blood pressure monitoring devices and regularly visiting a physician. 

Looking Out for Symptoms

Hypertension is a silent condition. However, it may cause symptoms, especially when not managed properly.

  • Shortness of breath
  • Flushing
  • Chest pain
  • Blood in the urine
  • Headaches
  • Nose bleeds
  • Dizziness
  • Visual changes
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The presence of these symptoms needs medical attention. So, keep a look at the presence of these symptoms whenever you are around them.

Emotional Support and Care

Patients with caring people around and healthy relationships are more likely to stick to the lifestyle modifications needed to manage hypertension. Try and show how much you care for them. Surprise them with gifts or plan a fun day out with them. All these small things will keep them happy and lower their stress.

When they get angry or stressed, calmly remind them how it will harm their condition. But make sure it is never done in a nagging way.

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