Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
FREE Shipping in Canada
Buy Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy medication online from PocketPills with FREE prescription delivery and LOW dispensing fees. Renew your Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy prescription or schedule a consultation to receive a new prescription today!
We make it unbelievably easy to fill prescriptions, consult with pharmacists, and order medications online
What would you like to do?info
Refill your prescription
Consult a doctor online
Upload your prescription
Symptoms and Complications
Making the Diagnosis
Treatment and Preventions
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as "mad cow disease," is a fatal disease that strikes the nervous system of cattle.
BSE is part of a group of diseases called prion diseases that occur in both animals and humans. The main animal forms are chronic wasting disease in deer, scrapie in sheep, and mad cow disease. In humans, there are three different prion diseases: Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CJD), also named sporadic CJD (sCJD), Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease, and fatal familial insomnia. In 1996, another form of CJD was identified; it has since been named "variant CJD" (vCJD). This variant form of CJD has been linked to the consumption of meat products infected with BSE.
Currently, no vaccine or treatment exists to treat BSE, and affected animals display a variety of neurological symptoms before they die (think of television reports showing cows having trouble standing up).
An animal with outward symptoms of BSE may survive for 2 weeks to 6 months, though it may have carried the disease for up to 8 years. BSE has an incubation period (the time between infection and development of symptoms) ranging from 30 months to 8 years, which is a long time for a disease to remain undetected.
Scientists believe that BSE is most often spread through the practice of feeding cattle various meats (rendered material) from slaughtered animals such as sheep, goats, and other cattle.
During this process, an abnormal protein that is linked to BSE can spread from a slaughtered diseased animal to a healthy one. This abnormal protein, called a prion, can withstand high temperatures and does not get destroyed during the rendering procedure. Since the incubation period for BSE is so long, it is possible for an infected animal to enter the food chain before the symptoms appear.
Proteins are long molecules that are folded up into particular shapes. A prion is folded differently from a normal protein, and it can cause normal proteins to change and fold abnormally. When this happens, the proteins (normally found in liquid form in cells) begin to solidify.
The cells most often infected are the brain cells. The resulting solidification of the proteins causes the infected brain tissues to look like a sponge with several tiny holes, hence the name "spongiform encephalopathy."
Symptoms and Complications
Because BSE damages the brain tissue, it has a variety of symptoms ranging from behavioural changes to coordination problems. Cows with BSE may show nervousness or aggressive behaviour, difficulty with coordination, trouble standing up, decreased milk production, and weight loss. The disease is fatal, with death usually occurring 2 weeks to 6 months after symptoms start.
sCJD usually occrs in older patients with an average age of 67, but it has been reported in teenagers and people in their 90s. It is fatal after only a few months. vCJD usually occurs in younger patients and lasts about one and a half years.
Making the Diagnosis
Live animals cannot be tested for the disease. The only way to confirm the presence of BSE is by checking the brain tissue of an animal after it dies. Upon examination, the brain is found to be full of small holes, like a sponge.
In humans, a genetic test exists to determine if a person might be susceptible to vCJD, but again, the only way to confirm the diagnosis is through a sample of brain tissue obtained through a biopsy or autopsy.
Treatment and Preventions
There is no cure, treatment, or vaccine for BSE, CJD, or vCJD.
The best way to prevent the disease is to avoid feeding cattle rendered material from slaughtered animals, and to isolate and destroy all infected animals. Most countries have developed policies for monitoring BSE in their cattle herds and procedures for dealing promptly and thoroughly with BSE cases when they do arise.
Canada is continuing to work to prevent and control BSE:
- Health Canada works closely with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) as part of the agency's National Response Team.
- The CFIA has taken various precautions to prevent the introduction and spread of BSE, including creating a surveillance program in which the brains of cattle are tested for the disease.
- The CFIA has mandated that all suspected BSE cases be reported to a federal veterinarian. The CFIA has also created a Canadian Cattle Identification Program for cattle and bison, making it possible to trace individual animal movements from the herd of origin to the time of slaughter.
- In 1997, Canada banned the feeding of rendered protein products from ruminant animals (cattle, sheep, goats, bison, elk, or deer) to other ruminants.
- In 2007, Canada implemented an enhanced BSE-related feed ban. This regulation extends the original feeding ban to all animal feeds, pet food, and fertilizer products.
- A permit issued by the CFIA is now required for those needing to handle, transport, or dispose of cattle carcasses and certain cattle tissues.
- More detailed policies regarding the prevention and control of BSE are available on the Health Canada website.
Frequently asked questions
How to buy Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy medications online?
Can I get brand name Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy medications or chose to get generics?
Can I get a prescription on PocketPills for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy?
All material © 1996-2021 MediResource Inc. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Stroke: Signs, Recovery, and Prevention With Clopidogrel
A stroke is a condition where the blood vessels supplying the brain are damaged, blocked, or ruptured. This results in a lack of blood and oxygen supply to a part…
How To Help Someone With Multiple Sclerosis And Its Symptoms?
Finding out that your loved one has multiple sclerosis can be challenging to accept. Multiple sclerosis or MS is a long-standing autoimmune disorder where the body’s immune cells wrongly attack…
How To Help Someone Suffering from Muscle Pain Or Spasms?
Muscle pain or cramps are relatively common, affecting about 20% of Canadians. Their intensity and severity are different for everyone suffering from it and depend on the underlying cause. Sometimes…
What are over the counter medications, and how to buy them in Canada?
Table of Contents Over-the-counter (OTC) medications in a nutshellCan you buy over-the-counter medicine online?How to buy over the counter medicine with PocketPills?What are the most popular OTC medicines and why?What…
Generic drugs in Canada: What are they & how to buy?
Table of Contents Generic drugs in a nutshellWhat is the difference between generic and brand-name drugs?What are the main advantages of generics over brand-name drugs?How to buy generic medications with…
Brand medications in Canada: What are they & how to buy?
Table of Contents What are brand medications?What does brand mean in medicine?How to buy brand medications with PocketPills?Are brand medications both prescription and over the counter?What is the difference between…
Required in all British Columbia Pharmacies. Pharmacy practice issues may be reported to the College of Pharmacists of BC