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What is Burns?
Burns are injuries primarily to the skin and underlying tissue. The skin is the largest organ in the body and it regulates the body's temperature. It also prevents the evaporation of bodily fluids and acts as a barrier against infection.
Skin damage resulting from burns can be minor or can present a life-threatening emergency, depending on the heat's intensity, the total area of tissues burned, and the length of exposure to the skin.
What causes Burns?
Burns tend to be caused by a variety of environmental factors:
Burns Symptoms And Complications
Burns are generally classified according to the depth and extent of injury: first-degree, second-degree, or third-degree burns. There are three layers of skin. Burn depth is dependent on which layer of skin has been damaged. Symptoms range depending on the depth of damage.
First-degree burns involve the outermost layer of the skin, called the epidermis. Redness, tenderness or pain, and swelling usually describe these burns. There's usually no blistering. Complete recovery usually occurs within a week, often with peeling and sometimes with temporary, mild changes in skin tone. First-degree burns often occur after over-exposure to UV rays of the sun, or after coming in contact with a hot object.
Second-degree burns involve damage to the second layer of skin, called the dermis. These very painful burns look pink, moist and soft. Blisters usually appear and fluid might ooze from the skin. Depending on the damage to the dermis, these burns may take anywhere from 2 to 6 weeks to heal. Scarring may result. Such burns often result from severe UV exposure and scalds.
Third-degree burns involve damage to the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis, the third layer of skin. As a result, the full thickness of the skin is damaged. Fat, nerves, muscles, and bones may be affected. Damage of this sort causes the skin to appear a filmy white. The area isn't generally painful because nerve endings have been damaged. Since a large amount of tissue may be destroyed, healing is very slow and considerable scarring results. Later on, contractures (permanent tightening of tissue that prevents normal movement) can occur due to the deep scarring and occasionally tissue may have to be cut or "released" to relieve underlying pressure. Deep burns may result from contact with fires, electricity, or corrosive chemicals.
Inhalational burns can lead to airway swelling and inability to breathe; people with these injuries must be brought to a hospital as soon as possible, even if they initially do not have breathing difficulties.
How to diagnose Burns
Making the Diagnosis
A diagnosis is usually formed based on burn depth. However, the severity might also be influenced by the extent of damage to the body.
The extent of a burn is usually based on the "rule of nines" - each arm is considered 9% of the body surface area, each leg is 18%, the back and front of the torso are each considered to be 18%, the head and neck are 9%, and the genital region is 1% of the surface area. Using these classifications, a physician can make a clear diagnosis.
Burns Treatment and Preventions
Treatment decisions are based on the need to relieve pain, reduce swelling, prevent infection, and promote healing.
Many experts believe that a physician should be consulted for any burn except first-degree burns affecting less than 1% of the body's surface. Any burns covering more than 10% to 15% of the body surface or suspected third-degree burns should be assessed by a physician.
It is also important to get medical attention for burns in the very young or the elderly, or if the eyes, ears, face, feet, or perineum (the area between the legs and behind the genitalia) are involved. However, if these parts haven't been affected, or if there's no blistering, medical attention may not be necessary.
For first-degree (minor) burns, cool moist compresses should be applied immediately. The cool compresses may reduce the swelling and pain. Don't exert pressure on the burned skin. The burn should be cleaned to prevent infection.
Although no dressing is required, a light dressing may aid the discomfort. A water-based skin moisturizer may be applied if no blisters form, to help the skin heal.
For second-degree burns, the skin should be placed in cool water. If the skin is broken, it should be gently washed by rinsing well with a saline solution. Everyone who develops blisters on their burns should see a doctor. There are differing ideas on how to treat blisters. Some physicians believe that blisters are a protective barrier for the burn. Others feel that the trapped fluid in the blister can become infected. It's important to see a physician so that blister care can be provided.
In the case of severe, third-degree burns, emergency medical services should be called immediately. The goal is to prevent infection (one of the most significant problems in burn victims), prevent dehydration, remove dead tissue, and cover the wound with skin as soon as possible. Cold water should not be applied and clothing that's stuck to the burn shouldn't be removed. Cover the burn loosely with a clean, dry dressing such as a handkerchief, pillowcase, or a sheet. It's important to keep warm after the burn.
People with electrical burns should always see a doctor. Although they may appear superficial, there may be damage to deeper tissues that is not immediately evident. Also, these people may be at risk for cardiac Arrhythmias for 72 hours after being burned electrically.
Be cautious of circumferential burns (that is, burns that encircle a limb and may cause circulation problems with scarring), as these should be assessed by your physician.
In all cases, do not - as folklore suggests - apply butter or margarine. These won't relieve pain and may increase the burning sensation. If blisters form and break, it may also lead to infection.
How to buy Burns medications online?
You can buy your medications to treat Burns online at PocketPills if you already have a valid prescription from your doctor. You can get started by uploading your prescription, ordering a refill by transferring any existing medications to our pharmacy or talking to one of our Canadian Doctors to get an online prescription. Get started now!
Can I get brand name Burns medications or chose to get generics?
Absolutely. You can always communicate your preference for brand or generic medications during your online consultation. As a policy, PocketPills advocates generic medications as more affordable and more likely to be covered by your insurance plan
Can I get a prescription on PocketPills for Burns?
Yes, our physicians can prescribe medications online during your consultation. Once you receive a prescription, you'll have the option to have it delivered to your door in discreet packaging and at no additional cost!. Click here to get an online prescription today!
All material © 1996-2021 MediResource Inc. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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