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Abstral (Fentanyl) tablets belong to the group of medications called opioids. It is used to manage breakthrough pain for people with cancer who are 18 years of age and older and who are already receiving opioid medication (e.
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Abstral (Fentanyl) tablets belong to the group of medications called opioids. It is used to manage breakthrough pain for people with cancer who are 18 years of age and older and who are already receiving opioid medication (e.g., Morphine, Hydromorphone, Abstral (Fentanyl) patches, Oxycodone) for constant cancer pain. Breakthrough pain is pain that occurs despite taking regular doses of opioid pain medication for constant cancer pain.
Abstral (Fentanyl) should not be used to treat other types of pain because it can cause life-threatening breathing problems for people who are not taking opioid medication chronically to manage cancer pain. Abstral (Fentanyl) acts on the brain to relieve pain.
Abstral (Fentanyl) may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of Abstral (Fentanyl) may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking Abstral (Fentanyl) without consulting your doctor.
Do not give Abstral (Fentanyl) to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful (and even result in death) for people to take Abstral (Fentanyl) if their doctor has not prescribed it.
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Abstral (Fentanyl) should only be prescribed by doctors that are knowledgeable about using opioids (e.g., morphine, hydromorphone, oxycodone) for cancer pain. Before starting this medication, your pain control should be stabilized with opioid medications.
The initial dose of Abstral (Fentanyl) must always be one 100 µg (microgram) tablet placed under the tongue or above a back molar between the upper cheek and gum. Your doctor will adjust the dose of Abstral (Fentanyl) until you get adequate pain relief with tolerable side effects. Your doctor will monitor you closely while finding the dose that works for you. The maximum dose of Abstral (Fentanyl) sublingual tablets is 800 µg per dose.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not take more of Abstral (Fentanyl) than your doctor prescribed. Doing so could lead to serious and possibly life-threatening effects. If you do not have adequate pain relief after 30 minutes of taking a dose, do not take another dose of Abstral (Fentanyl). Your doctor will prescribe another pain medication for you to take if this happens.
Each dose of Abstral (Fentanyl) should be separated by at least 4 hours and should not be used more than 4 times in one day. If you experience breakthrough pain more than 4 times in one day, contact your doctor as you may need to have the dose of long-acting opioid medication adjusted by your doctor. If your long-acting opioid dose changes, you doctor will reassess your dose of Abstral (Fentanyl).
Each Abstral (Fentanyl) tablet is individually sealed in a child-resistant blister package. Do not open the package until you are ready to use Abstral (Fentanyl). If your mouth is dry, take a sip of water before taking Abstral (Fentanyl), but make sure your hands are dry before touching the tablet. To open the package, pull apart one of the blister units by tearing it along the perforations. Peel back the foil starting at the unsealed area and gently remove the tablet. Do not try to push the tablet out through the foil as this will damage the tablet.
Immediately place the tablet under your tongue on the floor of your mouth or above a back molar between the upper cheek and gum. It generally takes between 14 to 25 minutes for the tablet to dissolve. Do not eat or drink anything until the tablet has dissolved and you can no longer feel it in your mouth. After 30 minutes, if there is any Abstral (Fentanyl) left in your mouth you may have a glass of water to help swallow any left over medicine. Do not break, cut, crush, chew, suck, or swallow Abstral (Fentanyl). Do not dissolve Abstral (Fentanyl) tablets outside of the mouth.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
Store Abstral (Fentanyl) in its original packaging at room temperature and protect it from moisture. Keep this medication in a safe place, away from children or pets, to prevent theft or misuse. Accidental use of even one dose of Abstral (Fentanyl), especially by children, can result in a fatal overdose of Abstral (Fentanyl). Do not take this medication in front of children.
When Abstral (Fentanyl) is no longer needed, safely dispose of it by returning the medication to your pharmacist to be properly disposed of.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.
Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent.
The side effects listed below are not experienced by everyone who takes Abstral (Fentanyl). If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of Abstral (Fentanyl) with your doctor.
The following side effects have been reported by at least 1% of people taking Abstral (Fentanyl). Many of these side effects can be managed, and some may go away on their own over time.
Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on managing side effects.
Although most of the side effects listed below don't happen very often, they could lead to serious problems if you do not seek medical attention.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur:
Some people may experience side effects other than those listed. Check with your doctor if you notice any symptom that worries you while you are taking Abstral (Fentanyl).
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Abstral is no longer being manufactured for sale in Canada. For brands that may still be available, search under Abstral (Fentanyl). This article is being kept available for reference purposes only. If you are using Abstral (Fentanyl), speak with your doctor or pharmacist for information about your treatment options.
Do not take Abstral (Fentanyl) if you:
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There may be an interaction between Abstral (Fentanyl) tablets and any of the following:
If you are taking any of these medications, speak with your doctor or pharmacist. Depending on your specific circumstances, your doctor may want you to:
An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of them. Speak to your doctor about how any drug interactions are being managed or should be managed.
Medications other than those listed above may interact with Abstral (Fentanyl). Tell your doctor or prescriber about all prescription, over-the-counter (non-prescription), and herbal medications you are taking. Also tell them about any supplements you take. Since caffeine, alcohol, the Nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs can affect the action of many medications, you should let your prescriber know if you use them.
Before you begin using a medication, be sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or Allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These factors may affect how you should use Abstral (Fentanyl).
Abdominal (stomach) conditions: Like other narcotic medications, Abstral (Fentanyl) may make the diagnosis of abdominal conditions more difficult or it may worsen these conditions. If you have a history of abdominal problems, such as slow movement of material through the digestive system, discuss with your doctor how Abstral (Fentanyl) may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of Abstral (Fentanyl), and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Accidental use: Accidental ingestion or use of as little as one dose of Abstral (Fentanyl), in someone who it has not been prescribed for, can lead to a fatal overdose. Children are especially at risk. Keep Abstral (Fentanyl) out of sight and reach of children. If a child accidentally ingests Abstral (Fentanyl), get immediate medical help.
Alcohol and other medications that cause drowsiness: Do not combine Abstral (Fentanyl) with alcohol or other medications (e.g., antidepressants, sleeping pills, anxiety medications) that cause drowsiness, since additional drowsiness, sedation, coma, and possibly death can occur.
Blood pressure: Abstral (Fentanyl) can cause low blood pressure or make low blood pressure worse. If you experience severe dizziness, especially when standing from a lying or sitting position, contact your doctor.
Dependence: As with other opioid medications, physical dependence can occur when Abstral (Fentanyl) is taken for long periods of time. This is not the same as addiction. Misuse of Abstral (Fentanyl) is not usually a problem when it is used appropriately to treat pain. Consult your doctor if you have any questions.
Do not stop using Abstral (Fentanyl) tablets suddenly, since withdrawal symptoms may occur. These symptoms include nausea, vomiting, body aches, diarrhea, shivering, and anxiety. Your doctor will advise you on how to safely stop taking Abstral (Fentanyl) tablets.
It is important to tell your doctor if you, or a family member, have ever been dependent on or misused alcohol, prescription medications, or street drugs.
Difficulty breathing: Abstral (Fentanyl) tablets can cause serious and life-threatening breathing problems. If you experience slowed, shallow, or difficulty breathing, seek immediate medical attention. If you are taking other medications that can slow breathing (e.g., anxiety medications, sleeping pills) are a senior, or have chronic bronchitis or emphysema that is not severe, you are more at risk of experiencing these symptoms. Make sure you follow the instructions on how to properly use Abstral (Fentanyl). If you have any questions, contact your doctor or pharmacist. If you have a severe chronic lung condition (e.g., bronchitis, emphysema), you should not take Abstral (Fentanyl).
Drowsiness/reduced alertness: Abstral (Fentanyl) may cause drowsiness or dizziness. Do not drive, operate machinery, or perform other potentially hazardous tasks until you have determined how Abstral (Fentanyl) affects you.
Grapefruit: Do not drink grapefruit juice or eat grapefruit while you are taking Abstral (Fentanyl). This can interfere with how the medication leaves your body and cause unwanted and potentially serious side effects.
Head injury: People with head injuries, increased pressure in the brain, or reduced consciousness may have a higher risk of experiencing side effects (breathing problems) or worsening of their condition while taking Abstral (Fentanyl). Your doctor will weigh the risks and benefits of you using Abstral (Fentanyl) and will monitor you closely for side effects.
Hormone changes: There have been reports of decreased hormone production by the adrenal glands when Abstral (Fentanyl) is used for prolonged periods of time, usually longer than one month. These hormones affect many parts of the body, including how the body responds to stress. Symptoms of reduced hormone production by the body include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fatigue, and decreased appetite. If you notice these symptoms, contact your doctor.
Kidney function: Kidney Disease or reduced kidney function may cause Abstral (Fentanyl) to build up in the body, causing side effects. If you have reduced kidney function, discuss with your doctor how Abstral (Fentanyl) may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of Abstral (Fentanyl), and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Liver function: Liver disease or reduced liver function may cause Abstral (Fentanyl) to build up in the body, causing side effects. If you have reduced liver function, discuss with your doctor how Abstral (Fentanyl) may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of Abstral (Fentanyl), and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Other medical conditions: If you have lung problems, an abnormally slow heartbeat (bradycardia), gallstones, or pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), discuss with your doctor how Abstral (Fentanyl) may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of Abstral (Fentanyl), and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Proper use: It is important for you and people caring for you to understand how to use Abstral (Fentanyl) correctly. If you experience, or your caregiver notices, the following symptoms of taking too much Abstral (Fentanyl), get immediate medical attention:
Serotonin syndrome: Severe reactions are possible when Abstral (Fentanyl) is combined with medications that act on serotonin, such as tricyclic antidepressants and serotonin reuptake inhibitors, which are used to treat depression. These combinations can cause an increase in the amount of serotonin in the body. Symptoms of a reaction may include muscle rigidity and spasms, difficulty moving, and changes in mental state including delirium and agitation. Coma and death are possible.
If you are taking antidepressants, discuss with your doctor how Abstral (Fentanyl) may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Tolerance: Abstral (Fentanyl) tablets may lead to tolerance when used for a long period of time. Tolerance means that your body gets used to the medication so that more medication may be needed to produce the same pain relief. Your doctor will recommend the dose of Abstral (Fentanyl) tablets that is most appropriate for you. Do not change your dose or the way you are using the medication on your own. If you find that a dose of Abstral (Fentanyl) is not providing the same amount of pain relief as before, contact your doctor.
Pregnancy: Abstral (Fentanyl) crosses the placenta and may affect the developing baby if it is taken by the mother while she is pregnant. Withdrawal symptoms have been noted in newborns of mothers who used Abstral (Fentanyl) during pregnancy. Abstral (Fentanyl) should not be used during pregnancy unless the benefits outweigh the risks. If you become pregnant or plan to become pregnant while taking Abstral (Fentanyl), contact your doctor immediately.
Breast-feeding: Abstral (Fentanyl) passes into breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mother and are taking Abstral (Fentanyl), it may cause life-threatening breathing difficulties for your baby. Talk to your doctor about whether you should continue breast-feeding.
Children: The safety and effectiveness of using this medication have not been established for children and adolescents less than 18 years of age. Accidental ingestion of Abstral (Fentanyl) by children may lead to severe and even fatal consequences. Keep Abstral (Fentanyl) out of the reach of children.
Seniors: Seniors may be more sensitive to the side effects of Abstral (Fentanyl).
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