What is Buspirone?
Buspirone is a prescriptional medication that is mainly used to treat symptoms of anxiety. It can be used alone or in combination with other drugs.
What are the uses of Buspirone?
Buspirone belongs to the category of drugs anxiolytics. Buspirone is mainly used to treat anxiety disorders. In the short term, it can be used to treat symptoms of anxiety. It decreases serotonin activity (a naturally occurring chemical) of the brain, which is responsible for anxiety. Buspirone can be prescribed for:
- Relieving short term anxiety disorders
- Relieving symptoms of anxiety
- Relieving symptoms of depression (with or without anxiety)
The medication may be prescribed for other uses; ask your physician or pharmacist for detailed information.
How do you use Buspirone?
- Take this medicine orally twice daily, with or without food or as prescribed by your physician
- Take this tablet daily at the same time.
- Follow all the instructions on the prescription label.
- Do not stop taking this medication abruptly without consulting your doctor.
- Do not take it more or less or take it more than often than prescribed by your doctor
- Do not stop using it even if you feel well
Your physician may start you with a low dose and gradually increase your dose. It may take several weeks before you begin to notice the full benefits of the medication.
If You Miss the Dose
- If you happen to miss a dose of Buspirone, take the missed dose as soon as you remember.
- However, if it is almost time for the next dose, do not take the missed dose and continue with your next scheduled dose.
- Do not take a double dose to compensate for the missed dose.
What are the side-effects and risks of Buspirone?
Like all other medications, Buspirone may cause side effects, although it is unlikely to happen in everyone. However, it is important that you are aware of what could be the possible side effects.
Very Common side effects:
Common side effects:
- Mental and physical tiredness
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Pain in the muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bone
- Sleeping problems
- Confused state
- Disturbance in attention
- Cold sweats
- Dry mouth
- Stomach pain
- Blurred vision
- Racing heart (abnormally fast heart rhythm)
- Feeling and being sick
- Abnormal coordination
- Ringing or buzzing in the ears
- Chest pain
- Blocked nose
- Sore throat
Rare side effects:
- Itchy skin rash caused by allergic reaction- pale or red irregular raised patches with severe itching (hives)
Very rare side effects:
- Overproduction of breast milk
- Fainting or passing out
- Feeling that the mind is separated from the body
- Difficulty passing water
- Tunnel vision
- Extrapyramidal disorder (tremor, slurred speech)
- Dystonia (affecting posture – muscle spasm of the neck, shoulders, or body)
- Restlessness (akathisia)
- Difficulty controlling movement/ jerky movements
- Muscle rigidity
- Disorders affecting posture (muscle spasm of neck, shoulders, and body)
- Total or partial memory loss
- Lack of muscle control
- Restless leg syndrome
- Difficulty in controlling movements
- Stiffness and shuffling
This is not a complete list of side effects, and others may occur. Please consult your doctor to know more about other possible side effects.
Who should not take Buspirone?
Inform your physician if you have the following conditions before starting Buspirone:
- Impaired kidney
- Liver disorders
- Acute narrow-angle glaucoma
- Myasthenia gravis (a disease characterized by muscle weakness, difficulty chewing or swallowing, and slurred speech)
- History of drug dependence
Talk to your doctor before taking Buspirone if:
- You are taking any other medication, are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning a pregnancy.
- You are allergic to Buspirone or any of its ingredients or have any other allergies.
- You are allergic to any other medication.
- You are taking any other drugs, over-the-counter medicines, herbal products, or nutritional supplements.
Besides, certain medicines may interfere with its working and thus might not be safe to take them together. Some of them are:
- Benzodiazepines such as Nitrazepam or Temazepam or diazepam
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors such as phenelzine or tranylcypromine.
- St. John´s Wort (hypericum perforatum) – a herbal remedy used for depression
This may not be a comprehensive list, and other drugs may interact with Buspirone. Please inform your doctor if you are taking any of the medicines listed above.
When should you not take Buspirone?
You should not take Buspirone if:
- It has passed the expiry date of the medicine printed on the pack.
- The packaging shows signs of tampering
- You have grapefruit juice
- You have alcohol
- You are lactose intolerant
Buspirone may cause drowsiness and/or dizziness. You should not drive or operate machinery or perform jobs that need you to be alert until these effects wear off.