What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic condition, which causes an increase in blood sugar levels. Insulin is a natural hormone responsible for the metabolism of sugar from the blood. In diabetes, the body cannot produce enough insulin or utilize insulin effectively. 

How are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes different?

Diabetes is mainly classified into two types: type 1 & type 2. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system destroys the beta cells in your pancreas that produce insulin. Destruction of beta cells results in no insulin production. Type 2 diabetes is known as insulin resistance diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the body cannot utilize insulin effectively, leading to high blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes mainly occurs due to lifestyle habits. 

What causes diabetes?

Several factors may be responsible for causing diabetes; however, being overweight (obese) is one of the major causes of diabetes. Obesity is responsible for releasing proinflammatory markers from the fat cells, making the body less effective for insulin. This process is defined as insulin resistance, a peculiar characteristic feature of type 2 diabetes. Obesity causes the release of fat in the blood, which may cause reduced insulin sensitivity.

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